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Extreme Heat

During the summer, you may experience extreme heat, high humidity or drought. Exposure to such weather can result in heat cramps, heat exhaustion or even heat stroke, which is a potentially life-threatening condition.

Most of these heat disorders result when you are overexposed to hot weather or you have exercised more than your age and physical condition allow.

To mitigate these risks

  • Know your limits. If extreme heat is forecast, limit your exercise and work out indoors.
  • During a period of extreme heat, stay indoors and limit exposure to the sun.
  • If you have air conditioning, use it; if not, stay on the lowest floor of your residence.
  • If you do go outside, wear sunscreen.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Limit alcoholic beverages.
  • Dress in loose-fitting, lightweight and light-colored clothes that cover as much skin as possible.
  • Protect your face and head by wearing a wide-brimmed hat.
  • Never leave children or pets alone in closed vehicles.
  • Take a cool bath or shower.
  • Eat well-balanced, light and regular meals. Eat less salt and avoid hot foods.
  • Know the symptoms of heat stroke and dial 911 if you experience them:
    • High body temperature (105+)
    • Hot, red, dry skin
    • Rapid, weak pulse
    • Rapid, shallow breathing
    • Probably not sweating
    • Possible unconsciousness

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